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INFOGRAPHIC: economic outlook for 2019


  • Asia
  • Asia Pacific
  • Capital Markets
  • Economy

Richard Yetsenga, Chief Economist, ANZ | January 2019




Growth IS moderating but pain points in markets are clearing. Here’s our visual outlook. 



Global growth is moderating but remains resilient. Headwinds look set to persist in 2019 but the year should be less stressful all up than 2018.

Still, the effects of some of the remaining stress points are likely to be felt over much longer time frames than markets have priced.

According to ANZ Research, the slowdown from the 4.0 per cent growth peak seen in 2017 and 2018 is likely to continue into 2020, with growth of 3.7 per cent that year. 



"Headwinds look set to persist in 2019 but the year should be less stressful all up than 2018.”
Richard Yetsenga, Chief Economist, ANZ  


Major economies such as China and the US are likely to make the largest contributions to the global slowing but India and Europe will also likely weigh.

ANZ Research believes popular commentary is overplaying the short-term impact of trade wars. It just doesn’t seem probable that US tariffs on China are going to substantially weaken Chinese exports at an aggregate level.

Four things to watch in 2019

•The US Federal Reserve is on track to pause around neutral.

•Labour markets in advanced economies are giving consumers resilience.

•Trade wars are entrenched, but markets have overplayed their short-term impact.

•Data in China need to show some stabilisation to validate the early shift to stronger risk appetite.


US growth has clearly peaked and is now slowing. This and an absence of movement on rates from the US Federal Reserve suggest that bond yields in the US are likely to remain capped, even if funding costs at the front end of the curve remain elevated.

In addition bond markets outside the US are likely to welcome the narrowing of US growth exceptionalism. Stressed non-US markets are likely to continue to normalise. With few active central banks outside the US, bond spreads against the US are likely to be more stable in 2019.

Asian currencies are likely to benefit from the improvement in risk appetite and the fall in commodity prices. Conversely, the $A and $NZ are likely to continue to be challenged because of their exposure to commodities.

Richard Yetsenga is chief economist at ANZ

This is an edited version of an ANZ Research report. Registered clients can read the full report at ANZ Research.



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