In New Zealand, a number of initiatives from both government and industry like the Climate Change Commission’s report, the New Zealand Sustainable Finance Forum, the introduction of the Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Act and the pending requirement of climate risk disclosure are pushing firms to focus on climate risk.
“[These initiatives] seem to have driven quite a bit of engagement within New Zealand from a lot of companies who have an interest in terms of what that means for them and how they're going to comply,” Dean Spicer, Head of Sustainable Finance – New Zealand at ANZ said.
“Also in terms of being able to look at sustainable financing as an opportunity that comes out of the work they're doing in terms of their overall sustainability strategy and reporting that they're going to be required to do so.”
The Kiwi bond market is already setting new benchmarks and galvanising investors. Auckland Council’s issued a 30-year green bond last September - the longest duration for a New Zealand issuer – which was oversubscribed. ANZ was joint lead manager and green bond co-ordinator.
Companies and governments alike are focused on their transition strategies to lower their emission targets and working towards a net-zero carbon economy.
“I think transition will continue to be a very strong focus with the proliferation of net zero targets or aspirations by governments, semi governments, large corporations and investors,” Tapley said.
While green bonds are the mainstay of the capital markets, sustainability-linked bonds are expected to be a growth segment for the Asia Pacific market. A sustainability-linked bond commits an issuer to key environmental, social and governance targets and attaches a premium payment mechanism if the targets are not met.
This structure is attractive as it gives a company a lot more flexibility to use the proceeds however it wants as part of its strategy according to Stella Saris Chow, ANZ’s Head of Sustainable Finance – International.
“For companies who don’t have eligible green or have an asset light business model, a sustainability-linked bond gives them the same access to the growing pool of investors with an ESG focus,” she said.
ANZ has led two out of the three sustainability-linked bonds in Asia to date including the region’s first ever with agriculture and commodity firm Olam’s JPY7 billion private offering last December and Singapore-headquartered urban, infrastructure and services consultant Surbana Jurong’s $S250 million 10-year bond, the first public sustainability-linked bond in South-east Asia.
More innovative product offerings are in the works to meet borrower financing requirements. These include green and sustainability-linked derivative products such as interest rate swaps, green deposits as well as sustainable supply chain cost structures across a myriad of industries such as the food, beverage and agriculture, manufacturing, telecommunications and technology.
ANZ supported Nestle’s $US50 million sustainable supply chain financing for Nestle’s Nespresso brand, a first in this format in Europe. The financing features an innovative structure to support Rainforest Alliance and similar certified coffee purchases and incentivises sustainable practices among Nestle’s suppliers. Farmers under the Rainforest Alliance undertake best sustainable agriculture practices such as soil and waste management, protection of biodiversity, use of agrochemicals and labour standards.
The global shift to a net-zero carbon economy driven by the development of renewable and storage technologies and aided by the capital markets is unmistakable. This momentum has driven the exponential growth in sustainable finance markets – from what was little more than a niche product to the mainstream in less than a decade.
“When the market first got going, the question within many companies was why would I bother?” Spicer said. “And now they're thinking, well, why wouldn't I do this?”
Sharon Klyne is an Associate Director, Communications at ANZ